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Are there snakes in Sardinia?

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Are there snakes in Sardinia?

Are there snakes in Sardinia? This is a question that often arises when planning a trip to this beautiful Mediterranean island. As with any destination, it’s important to have a good understanding of the local wildlife and any potential dangers it may pose. In the case of Sardinia, snakes do exist, but they are not something that should deter you from exploring this stunning island.

Sardinia, with its crystal-clear turquoise waters, white sandy beaches, and rugged mountainous landscapes, is a paradise for nature lovers. But it’s not just the scenery that makes this island special; its diverse wildlife adds to its allure. While many visitors are captivated by the island’s unique flora and fauna, some are concerned about the presence of snakes.

snake - Villa Rental Sardinia

Snakes are a common occurrence in many parts of the world, and Sardinia is no exception. However, it’s important to note that the snakes found on the island are generally harmless to humans. The most common species you may encounter are the Aesculapian snake, the grass snake, and the whip snake. These snakes are non-venomous and pose little threat to humans.

The Aesculapian snake

One of the most fascinating snake species found in Sardinia is the Aesculapian snake. This snake is known for its impressive size, reaching up to two meters in length. Its slender body and smooth scales make it a graceful creature to behold. Despite its intimidating size, the Aesculapian snake is not venomous and primarily feeds on small mammals, birds, and lizards. It is a constrictor, meaning it squeezes its prey until it suffocates, rather than relying on venom to immobilize its victims.

are there snakes in sardinia

The Biacco

Another snake species commonly found in Sardinia is the Biacco, commonly – and mistakenly called the grass snake. This snake is smaller in size, typically reaching around one meter in length. It has a distinctive greenish colour, which allows it to blend in with its surroundings. Biacco are excellent swimmers and can often be found near bodies of water, such as rivers and lakes. Like the Aesculapian snake, the Biacco is non-venomous and prefers a diet of amphibians, fish, and small mammals.

snakessardinia - Villa Rental Sardinia

The Whip snake

The whip snake, as its name suggests, is known for its quick and agile movements. This snake is slender and can reach lengths of up to one and a half meters. It is usually brown or gray in color, with a pattern of dark spots running along its body. The whip snake is also non-venomous and feeds primarily on small mammals, birds, and lizards. It is often found in rocky areas and can be quite elusive due to its ability to blend in with its surroundings.

whipsnake - Villa Rental Sardinia

While encounters with snakes in Sardinia are relatively rare, it’s always a good idea to take precautions when exploring the island’s natural habitats. If you come across a snake, it’s important to remain calm and keep your distance. Snakes are generally shy creatures and will try to avoid human contact. By giving them space and not disturbing them, you can ensure a peaceful coexistence.

The Water Snake

In addition to the Aesculapian snake, the Biacco, and the whip snake, another snake species that can be found in Sardinia is the water snake. As its name suggests, this snake is well-adapted to aquatic environments and can often be found near bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, and marshes. The water snake has a slender body and is typically brown or gray in color, allowing it to blend in with its surroundings. While non-venomous, the water snake is an excellent swimmer and feeds on a diet consisting mainly of fish, amphibians, and small mammals. Its presence adds to the diverse wildlife that can be observed while exploring the natural beauty of Sardinia.

Where the right footwear!

boots - Villa Rental SardiniaIf you plan on hiking or exploring the countryside, it’s advisable to wear appropriate footwear, such as closed-toe shoes or boots, to protect your feet from any potential snake encounters. It’s also a good idea to stay on designated paths and avoid venturing into dense vegetation where snakes may be hiding. By being aware of your surroundings and taking these simple precautions, you can enjoy the beauty of Sardinia’s landscapes without worry.

It’s worth noting that while snakes may exist in Sardinia, they are an integral part of the island’s ecosystem. They play a crucial role in controlling populations of rodents and other small animals, helping to maintain a balanced and healthy environment. So, instead of fearing these creatures, it’s important to appreciate their presence and respect their natural habitats.

What to do if you see a snake in Sardinia?

First and foremost, it’s essential to remain calm and avoid any sudden movements. Snakes are generally shy creatures and will try to avoid human contact if given the chance. Keep a safe distance from the snake and do not attempt to touch or handle it. Remember, most snakes in Sardinia are non-venomous and pose little threat to humans. If you’re unsure about the species or if you suspect it may be venomous, it’s best to err on the side of caution and avoid any interaction. Instead, appreciate the snake from a distance and allow it to continue on its way undisturbed. By respecting their natural habitats and observing them from afar, you can coexist peacefully with these fascinating creatures in Sardinia.

Emergency numbers in Sardinia

  • Emergency aid services: 113
  • Ambulance service: 118


In conclusion, yes, there are snakes in Sardinia, but they are generally harmless to humans. The Aesculapian snake, grass snake, and whip snake are the most common species found on the island, and they pose little threat to visitors. By taking simple precautions and respecting their natural habitats, you can safely explore the stunning landscapes of Sardinia and appreciate the unique wildlife that calls this island home. So, pack your bags, put on your hiking boots, and get ready to embark on an unforgettable adventure in snake-friendly Sardinia!

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